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Ahmadiyya Islam in the USA

September 1822
America predicts the coming of the Messaih

In September 1822, William Miller concluded in a twenty-point document, including article 15, “I believe that the second coming of Jesus Christ is near, even at the door, even within twenty-one years,—on or before 1843.” This document remained private for many years. (Wikipedia)

6 April 1830
Joseph Smith

Joseph Smith was the founder and first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He and five associates formally organized the Church at Fayette, New York, on 6 April 1830. The members of the church believe that there will be a Second Coming of Jesus Christ to the earth sometime in the future.

Joseph Smith did make several interesting statements about seeing the Savior. B.H. Roberts in History of the Church notes the Prophet’s remark in 1835 when he is reported to have said that, ... it was the will of God that those who went to Zion, with a determination to lay down their lives, if necessary, should be ordained to the ministry, and go forth to prune the vineyard for the last time, or the coming of the Lord, which was nigh—even fifty-six years should wind up the scene. (Joseph Smith, History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 7 volumes, edited by Brigham H. Roberts, (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1957), 2:182.)

1831
The Millerites

The Millerites were the followers of the teachings of William Miller, who in 1831 first shared publicly his belief that the Second Advent of Jesus Christ would occur in roughly the year 1843–1844. Coming during the Second Great Awakening, his teachings were spread widely and grew in popularity, which led to the event known as the Great Disappointment.

12 April 1843
Joseph Smith's Prayer

Joseph Smith said that one day he was praying with great concentration about second coming of the Messiah, he heard a voice which repeatedly saying, “My son Joseph if you remain alive for 85 years, you shall be able to see Messiah. So, do not bother me further and let this should be enough.” (Doctrine and Covenants, Chapter 130)

27 June 1844
Death of Joseph Smith

Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum Smith, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, United States, on 27 June 1844, while awaiting trial in the town jail. (Wikipedia)

22 October 1844
The Great Disappointment

The Great Disappointment in the Millerites was the reaction that followed Baptist preacher William Miller's proclamations that Jesus Christ would return to the Earth by 1844, what he called the Advent. His study of the Daniel prophecy during the Second Great Awakening led him to the conclusion that Daniel's “cleansing of the sanctuary” was cleansing of the world from sin when Christ would come, and he and many others prepared, but 22 October 1844, came and they were disappointed. (Wikipedia)

1870
Jehovah’s Witnesses

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in God, the creator, and that Jesus Christ is His son. However, they do not believe in the Trinity, the doctrine that God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit are all aspects of one God.

In 1870, Charles Taze Russell and others formed a group in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to study the Bible. During his ministry, Russell disputed many beliefs of mainstream Christianity including immortality of the soul, hellfire, predestination, the fleshly return of Jesus Christ, the Trinity, and the burning up of the world. (Wikipedia)

1880

Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya Part-II was published. The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said in the book, “An average affluent person in Europe and America contributes more towards the propagation of the Gospels than do all of the wealthiest among the Muslims. There is a large Muslim population in India and some of them are quite wealthy and well-placed, but when it comes to spending in a good cause, most of them (with the exception of a few chiefs, ministers and officials) are found to be indifferent, apathetic and tight-fisted.” (Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (English translation), Part II, pp. 72-3, Islam International Publications Ltd., UK)

1882
Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (AS)
Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (AS)

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad said, “What a pity that our opponents, whose corrupt beliefs are demonstrably false, are busy in propagating their own religion day and night, so much so that in Europe and America even widows make contributions to the cause of Christianity. Further, many people at the time of their death, bequeath a specific portion of their inheritance for the sole purpose of spreading the message of Christianity, whereas the condition of the Muslims is regrettable beyond words.” (Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya (English translation), Part III, p. 1, Islam International Publications Ltd., UK)

1882

The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) commenced his Divine Mission around 1882 ordained by God, the Almighty and sent many letters to the scholarly community about his claim. One of his letters sent to Henry Olcott (1832-1907) founding editor of the magazine Theosophist, published in India and London, UK simultaneously. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, September-October 2017, Vol. 69, No. 9-10, pp. 28-31)

9 September 1882
The Age of Peace

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad published a book “Ayyam-us-Sulh” (The Age of Peace) in 1899. He wrote in this book, “It was a strange scene when people from Europe and America came here (India) to witness solar and lunar eclipses.” It was also prophesized that a tailed comet shall appear. It had appeared for Jesus Christ and Noah. That also appeared on 9 September 1882. (Ayyam-us-Sulh, pp. 49-50 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 14, pp. 280-281])

March 1885
Imam Mahdi

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad announced that he had been commissioned as Imam Mahdi. He published twenty thousand flyers in Urdu and English languages on the topic of truth of Islam and posted them to renowned religious scholars, kings, intellectuals, writers and lords in Asia, Europe, and USA. (Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 2, pp. 319-320)

28 November 1885
Many Signs

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote his famous book “A’ina-e-Kamalat-e-Islam” (The Mirror of the Excellences of Islam) which was published in February 1893. He wrote, “Many signs have started appearing. The one appeared on 28 November 1885. An unprecedented incidence happened when glittering flames of meteorites appeared in large numbers in the sky. People in Europe, USA and Asia were amazed.” God revealed to him, “And thou threwest not when thou didst throw” and was told that a sign had appeared for him. It was published in many newspapers of Europe, USA and Asia with wonder.


The second sign was the appearance of a long tail comet, which also appeared at the time of Jesus Christ. (A’ina-e-Kamalat-e-Islam, p. 110 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 5, pp. 110-111 (footnote)])

1886-1887
Oneness of God

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (may peace be upon him) wrote that the translation of Vedas was seen by hundreds of thousands of people of England, United States, Germany and France but no one knew that there was oneness of God in the Vedas. The English translation of the Holy Qur'an by the same English stirred European countries so much so that English people like Mr. Thomas Carlyle and John Devonport, whose books, published by Himayat-e-Islam, were available in India, testified the greatness of the Qur'an and oneness of God. (Shahna-e-Haqq, p. 58 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 2, p. 403])

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian wrote “Shahna-e-Haqq” (The Verdict of the Truth) in 1886-7. The book was later published in 1923.

1 April 1887
Alexander Russel Webb

Mr. Alexander Russel Webb of Daily Gazette USA, wrote first letter to Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad on 1 April 1887 from 3021 Easton Avenue, St Louis, Missouri USA. He accepted Islam after detailed correspondence with him. The correspondence with Mr. Webb can be seen in “Shahna-e-Haqq” (Shahna-e-Haqq, pp. 81-86 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 2, pp. 439-444]).

July 1891
Izala-e-Auham

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian said, “So far, the western countries have not shown much attachment to religious verities. God Almighty had bestowed all the understanding of religion upon Asia and all the understanding of worldly matters on Europe and America.” (Izala-e-Auham, Part 2, p. 516 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 3, p. 377])

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian said in Izala-e Auham (Removal of Suspicions), “An American Christian claimed that he was Messiah. But the claim of the unbeliever Christians was not accepted by anyone.” (Izala-e Auham, Part 2, pp. 683-684 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 3, p. 469]) The name of American Christian was not given by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in his book.

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, peace be on him, was asked about the propagation of Islamic education in America and Europe: Is it appropriate that English speaking Muslims be sent to Europe and America for sermons and preaching and tell them about aims of Islam? The Promised Messiah responded: In general, I shall never answer in affirmative. I never consider appropriate to send such people who are not aware of Islamic education in total. (Izala-e-Auham, Part 2, p. 771 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 3, p. 517])

June 1892
The Heavenly Sign

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, peace be on him, said, “So, my brethren, as I have already mentioned, it is my firm resolve to continue to write books and I desire that, after the publication of this booklet, Nishan-e-Asmani, another booklet, Dafi‘-ul-Wasawis be printed and published and, immediately following this, Hayat-un-Nabi, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, wa Mamat-ul-Masih (peace be on him) which shall be sent to Europe and America.” (The Heavenly Sign, p. 79, Islam International Publications, UK)

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian wrote book “Eik ‘Isa’i Kei Tin Su’al aur Un Kai Jawabat” (Three Questions by a Christian and their Answers) in 1892. He said in his book, “A learned American friend of mine has informed me through various letters that there is hardly an intellectual in those countries who considers the Christian religion to be unflawed, and who would not be willing to accept Islam. And though the Christians have brought out interpolated and blemished translation of the Holy Qur'an in Europe and America, the light which is inherent in the Holy Qur'an is still casting its influence on pure hearts. There is great enthusiasm among the people of Europe and America, and they have been thrown into confusion by the false doctrines of the New Testament. (Eik ‘Isa’i Kei Tin Su’al aur Un Kai Jawabat, p. 58 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 4, p. 468])

1893-1894
God Granted Honor

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, peace be on him, said, “And God granted me such honor that I became well known with great renown and prestige throughout the world; namely, Europe, Asia, and America.” (Haqiqat-ul-Wahy (The Philosophy of Devine Revelation), English Translation, p. 694, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

April 1893

The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) wrote a booklet on corroborative study of Islam in April 1893 which was to be dispatched to America. (Hujjat-ul-Islam, p. 11, [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 6, p. 51])

1895
A Letter in Persian

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian wrote a letter in Persian to ‘Abdur-Rahman Khan, Amir of Afghanistan (1880-1901): “By Allah! I am commissioned from Allah—-Thus, it is imperative on whoever believes in the Qur'an and is inclined towards God to accept me and join those who pledge allegiance to me.” (Al-Hakam, 7 February 1907, pp. 8-10—aaiil.org)

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad published the book, “Diya-ul-Haqq” (The Light of the Truth). He said: America observed the fulfillment of the prophecy of Lunar and Solar Eclipses on the prescribed dates as mentioned in Hadith. (Diya-ul-Haqq, p. 32 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 9, p. 292])

11 March and 26 March 1895

America observed second pair of lunar and solar eclipses on 11 March and 26 March 1895. The dates of Ramadan were 13th and 28th. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, March 1994, p. 10)

January 1896

 Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote, “Civil and Military Gazette and Observer has admitted that the essay, Islami Usul Ki Filasfi (The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam), was adjudged superior to all. It is incumbent upon the Muslims to spread its translation in English in Europe and America so that the real Islam is known to the world. (Footnote of Supplement Anjam-e-Atham, p. 55 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 11, p. 339])

Janauary 1897

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote book, Anjam-e-Atham (The End of Atham) that was published in 1897. He wrote, “Trinity in Christianity appeared in the third century and there are hundreds of thousands of people in Europe and America who believe in it.” (Anjam-e-Atham, p. 42 [Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 11, p. 42])

6 February 1898

On February 6, 1898, Hazrat Ahmad (may peace be on him) saw in a vision: “Angels of God are planting black trees in different places of the Punjab. These plants are very ugly, black, frightening and stunted. I asked the person planting these trees, what kind of trees are these? He replied that these were plague trees, which would spread in the country very shortly.” (Ayyam-us-Sulh, p. 121) The sign also appeared in the US.

1900-1904
Plague - USA

The San Francisco plague of 1900–1904 was an epidemic of bubonic plague centered on San Francisco's Chinatown. It was the first plague epidemic in the continental United States. [(Anderson, Elizabeth T. (May–June 1978). “Plague in the Continental United States, 1900–76”. Public Health Reports. 93 (3): 297–301. PMC 1431896. PMID 349602] (Wikipedia)

8 September 1900
Galveston Hurricane

Galveston hurricane on 8 September 1900 in the US leaves an estimated 6,000 to 8,000 dead. (Wikipedia)

20 January 1902
Magazine in English

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, may peace be upon him, expressed his desire in 1891 in his book “Fath-e-Islam” (Victory of Islam) to publish a magazine in English to propagate Islam in the West. Anjuman Isha‘at-e-Islam Qadian, India was formed on 31 March 1901 to manage publication. Hazrat Maulawi Nur-ud-Din was its first president. The first issue was published on 20 January 1902.

5 October 1902

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (peace be on him) published book “Kashti-i-Nuh—Da‘wat-ul-Iman” (Noah’s Ark, An Invitation to Faith). He wrote, “According to the Gospel the only ground for divorce is adultery and the hundreds of other factors that might create severe hostility between a man and woman are ignored. Ultimately, this shortcoming has proved unsustainable for the Christian people and now, in the United States, it has become necessary that a law pertaining to divorce be enacted.” (Noah’s Ark, p. 130, Islam International Publications, UK)

1903

Hazrat Muhammad ‘Abd-ul-Haqq (Charles Francis Sievwright) accepted Ahmadiyya Islam through correspondence with the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) in 1903. (The Moslem Sunrise, Issue 1922, Vol. IV, p. 143-46).

He visited Qadian, India in 1903 and earned the title of the companion of the Promised Messiah. (Derived from the Ahmadiyya Gazette, Special Issue on Inspired Souls, p. 11)

17 November 1903
Panama Canal Treaty

The U.S. acquired Panama Canal Zone. The treaty was signed on 17 November 1903.

17 December 1903
First Flght

Wright brothers on 17 December 1903 made the first controlled, sustained flight in heavier-than-air aircraft at Kitty Hawk, N.C. (Wikipedia)

26 September 1904

Mirza Ahmad F.L. Andersen was the first American Ahmadi Muslim. He joined Ahmadiyyat through correspondence with the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) on 26 September 1904. The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) gave him the name Hasan. There are many more Westerners who are full of praise for this Jama'at, and express their agreement with it. (Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, Part V, English Translation, p. 131, Islam International Publication Ltd. UK, 2018)

1904

“Dr. A. George Baker of 404 Susquehanna Avenue, Philadelphia, USA, read about me [Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Promised Messiah] in the Review of Religions, and wrote that he totally agreed with the views of this Imam, who has presented Islam to the world in exactly the same form as the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had done.” (Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya Part V, p. 132, English translation, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

“And a woman from America wrote about me (the Promised Messiah, may peace be on him) in her letter, “I love to look at his picture all the time; it appears to me to be exactly the picture of the Messiah.”” (Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya Part V, p. 132, English translation, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

September 1904

The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) told his followers in September 1904, “Ever since God sent me, a great revolution has begun to take shape in the world. Even though the people of Europe and America are ardent believers in the divinity of Christ, their own scholars are now beginning to distance themselves from this doctrine.” (Lecture Lahore, p. 43, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at, Islam International Publications Ltd, Printed at Raqueem Press Islamabad, Tilford, Surrey, UK)

November 1904

The Promised Messiah, peace be on him, told his followers, “This is why the Christian world has recently been so agitated about this subject, and a number of tracts were published in America asking why the Promised Messiah, who was to have appeared in this age, had not yet done so.” (Lecture Sialkot, English Translation, p. 10, Islam International Publications UK, 2007)

November 1905

The “Lecture Ludhiana” was delivered at Ludhiana, India to thousands of people. The Promised Messiah, peace be on him, told his followers, “My publications are sent to America and Europe. Endowed with intelligence, those people have come to realize the truth.” (Lecture Ludhiana, English Translation, p. 37, Islam International Publications UK, 2003)

March 1906

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, peace be on him, of Qadian wrote “Chashma-e-Masihi” (Fountain of the Christianity) which was published under the auspices of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) in June 1922. The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said, “Remember, their [Jews and Christian] religious and historical books, and even their revealed ones, are all cloaked in darkness. You do not know how Europe is bemoaning these books, and how good people are instinctively being drawn towards Islam, and how books are being written in its support, this is why many people from countries like America have joined my Jama'at [fold].” (Fountain of Christianity, p. 30, Islam International Publications UK, 2007)

The Promised Messiah, peace be on him, also wrote in Chashma-e-Masihi, “A terrible earthquake struck right in the middle of spring on 28 February 1906, and it shook the Mansuri Hills so forcefully that the people nearly lost their senses. At the same time, parts of America also experienced an earthquake which destroyed many cities.” (Fountain of Christianity, footnote of p. 48, Islam International Publications UK, 2007)

18 April 1906
The Great San Francisco Earthquake

An earthquake left 500 dead or missing and destroyed about four square miles of the city of San Francisco, California. (Wikipedia)

5 May 1906

“The spring has arrived again and with it the days of snow.”

This prophecy along with its interpretation was published in the periodical Review of Religions and the newspapers Badr and Al-Hakam as many as nine months before its fulfilment, and the time for its fulfilment was fixed to be the season of spring.

There was unusually heavy snowfall in Kashmir, Europe, and America, the details of which we will—God willing—presently write down by quoting excerpts from newspapers. But in exact conformity with the intent of the prophecy, such excessive cold and heavy rain struck this country, and in that particular part of the country indicated in the prophecy, that the whole country cried out in panic. At the same time snowfall was so heavy in some parts of the country that people were left awestruck and wondered what was going to happen.

Then nine months later, it was so manifestly and plainly fulfilled that all the newspapers of the Punjab, India, Europe, and America testified to it. (Haqiqat-ul-Wahy (Epilogue Signs), English Translation, pp. 595-597, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

1907
Witness to Lunar and Solar Eclipses

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, peace be on him, said, “Now, all English and Urdu newspapers and all astronomers are witness to the fact that the lunar and solar eclipses of this particular description did take place in my time about twelve years ago during the month of Ramadan, and just as is reported in another hadith, these eclipses have taken place twice in the month of Ramadan—first in this country and then again in America. Both times, they took place exactly on the dates indicated by the hadith. At the time of these eclipses there was no claimant to being the Promised Mahdi anywhere in the world except me, nor did anyone claim these eclipses as the Sign of his being the Promised Mahdi and publish hundreds of announcements and booklets in Urdu, Arabic, and Persian to support his claim; therefore, this heavenly Sign is specifically appointed for me. Another supporting argument for the same is that twelve years prior to the manifestation of this Sign, God Almighty had informed me that a Sign of this kind would appear. The tidings, having been recorded in Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, had become known to hundreds of thousands of people before the Sign actually appeared.” (Haqiqat-ul-Wahy (The Philosophy of Divine Revelation), English Translation, p. 243-4, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

March-June 1907

Christian Pastor Alexander Dowie died of paralysis fulfilling the prophecy of the Promised Messiah. Major newspapers of USA published the news of his death along with the prophecy.

In Haqiqat-ul-Wahy, the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, reported the death of Dr. Dowie. On 9 March 1907 a telegram was received from London, which was published in the Civil and Military Gazette. The telegram reported that, “The self-styled Prophet Dowie is dead.” (Haqiqat-ul-Wahy (Epilogue Signs), English Translation, p. 617, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

23 June 1907

The Boston Herald reported on the prayer duel between the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) and John Alexander Dowie on 23 June 1907: Dowie died at the age of 59, while the Promised Messiah, who was 12 years older, was still alive at that time.

7 April 1908

An American tourist Mr. George Turner arrived in Qadian on 7 April 1908 at about 10 A.M. along with his lady Miss Bardoon and a Scotchman Mr. Bansor to meet the Promised Messiah. (Al-Hakam, 10 April 1908, pp. 1-4)

13 April 1908
I will cause the days of the earthquakes to return

The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) received a revelation a few days before 13 April 1908: “I will cause the days of the earthquakes to return.” (The revelation was published in Badr and Al-Hakam, Qadian, India). The earthquake hit the Punjab, Khairabad (District Peshawar) and Lawrencepur. It was a devastating earthquake, a sample of Doomsday. (Civil and Military Gazette)

Later it was learnt through the English newspapers that America and parts of Europe had also been shaken by three terrifying earthquakes after the revelation, resulting in the destruction of a number of cities.” (Haqiqat-ul-Wahy (The Philosophy of Divine Revelation), English Translation, p. 749, Islam International Publications UK, 2018)

26 May 1908
The Promised Messiah (AS) Passes Away

Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi (peace be on him) passed away on 26 May 1908 in Lahore at about half past ten. The holy remains were transported to Qadian by the same evening.

27 May 1908
Khilafat Begins

Before the burial of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the members of the community present at Qadian unanimously selected Hazrat Maulawi Nur-ud-Din of Bhera as the successor and Khalifa of the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) and swore the oath of allegiance to him. Then the Khalifatul-Masih I (may Allah be pleased with him) led the funeral services and the burial took place after midday.