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Second Khilafat (1920-1929)

1920's
January 1920
Mufti Muhammad Sadiq Leaves for America

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq boarded the S.S. Haverford steamship on 26 or 28 January 1920 in England which was to reach Philadelphia, USA with stops at France and Canada.

15 February 1920
Arrival in Philadelphia

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq reached Philadelphia on board the Haverford steamship on 15 February 1920 and was given the option to go back or appeal to the president. He was held for about one and a half months in a detention house by the Immigration Authorities. (Mufti Muhammad Sadiq, Khilafat-e-Thaniya kai Karnamai, Al-Hakam Khilafat Number, December 21-28, 1937, p. 6)

February-March 1920

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq preached during the detention and got acquainted with many. First convert to Ahmadiyya Islam was R. J. H. Richford who was later named as Hamid. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1921, p. 12)

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq converted twenty people to Ahmadiyya Islam during his detention period in United States. (Al-Fazl, 9 October 1923)

20 May 1920

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq was released from the US detention house on 20 May 1920. He rented an apartment in New York City. The address was: 245 W 72 Street, NYC (Al-Fazl, 14 June 1920).

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq was allowed by the US authorities to propagate Islam.

Mufti Sadiq changed his residence to 1897 Madison Avenue New York City. This was the first Mission House in the US. (Al-Fazl, 28 June 1920, p. 2, Review of Religions, July 1920, p. 246)

4 June 1920

According to the report of 4 June 1920 by Mufti Muhammad Sadiq, twenty-nine people were converted to Ahmadiyya Islam. (Al-Fazl, 23 September 1920)

Mid 1920

Mufti Sadiq travelled to Chicago where his addresses were:
1. C/O Diab Brothers, 51-E, 18th Street, Chicago, IL (Review of Religions, October 1920, p. 352)
2. 4334 Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL (Review of Religions, January 1921).

January 1921

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq started delivering lectures in churches. He delivered two lectures on 16 January 1921 and another two on 23 January 1921. He answered questions from the audience. (Al-Fazl, 17 March 1921, p. 2)

April 1921

About thirty communications on the Ahmadiyya Mission led by Dr. Mufti Sadiq appeared in the Daily papers of America, like Philadelphia Journal and New York Sun. (The Sun and New York Herald, April 1921)

Mr. Muhammad Yusuf Khan arrived in the US in April 1921. (List or manifest of alien passengers, Courtesy Tanvir ul-Nisa Ahmad, the Ahmadiyya Gazette, Vol. 72, April-September 2020, p. 52).


He proved to be a beneficial helping hand especially during the years when there was no missionary in the US after second missionary Muhammad Din was called back to Qadian. (The Muslim Sunrise, Vol. XLII, No. 4, December 1975, pp. 14-15)

Detroit Free Press printed news with picture of Mufti Muhammad Sadiq. Its caption was: Moslems celebrate feast of ‘Id-ul-Fitr. Address in Detroit Michigan was: 74 Victor Ave, Highland Park, Michigan (Review of Religions, April 1921, p. 157)

1 July 1921

Missionary Mufti Muhammad Sadiq started publication of the periodical “The Moslem Sunrise” which is still in circulation. It is one of the oldest Islamic magazines published from the US. The magazine had an annual subscription of $1 and was published quarterly from 74 Victor Avenue, Highland Park, Michigan, USA. The motto of the magazine was “I will keep my faith above the World.”

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) sent a message on the publication of first issue of ‘The Moslem Sunrise.” (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 4, pp. 250-251, the Moslem Sunrise, No. 1, July 1, 1921)

July 1921
Mosque in Highland Park, Detroit

Mr. Muhammad Karoub built a mosque in Highland Park, Detroit by spending $55,000. He invited Mufti Sadiq to Detroit. (Old Islam in Detroit, Howell, 2014, p. 44)

Anti-Ahmadiyya elements among Muslims opposed Karoubs’ administration. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq left Highland Park for Chicago and the mosque built by Karoubs was sold later. (The Moslem Sunrise, 1921, Issue 2, p. 31)

Mufti Sadiq described an incident of a lady in Chicago who had seen him two years ago in her dream. (The Muslim Sunrise, July 1921, No. 1)

Mrs. S.W. Sobolewski, the first American lady who accepted Islam when Mufti Sadiq delivered a series of lectures in New York, was named Fatima Mustafa to fulfill the dream of Dr. Sadiq, which he saw in England before starting the missionary work in USA. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1921, No. 1)

Dr. Mufti Sadiq published a review article of Dr. Whitney recommending circumcision unqualifiedly. It stated: “Circumcision prevents syphilis. National circumcision would prevent 40,000 deaths in the US each year.” (Whitney, July 1921, Virginia Medical Monthly, the Moslem Sunrise, Vol. III, No. 1, January 1924, p. 32)

Middle 1921

Dr. Mufti Sadiq visited Toledo, Fort Wayne, Bremen, Chicago where he delivered a series of lectures and gave interviews to the press. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Missions dispatched 2,800 letters, magazines and copies of literature and received 646 reply letters. (The Moslem Sunrise, October 1921, No. 2, pp. 39-40)

Brother Muhammad Yaqoob (Mr. Andrew Jacob) and Ghulam Rasul (Mr. Elias Russell) worked as missionaries in Chicago, Illinois. They succeeded in bringing nine American souls into the fold of Islam. Letters and Ahmadiyya literature were sent to many celebrities in the country and abroad. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1922, No. 5, p. 112)

Dr. Mufti Sadiq delivered 50 public lectures in New York, Chicago, Detroit, Dowagiac, Michigan City, and Sioux City, etc. These lectures were announced in daily newspapers. The main topics of the lectures were on Islam and other leading religions of the world. (The Moslim Sunrise, Vol. 1, No. 1, July 1921, p. 13)

7 November 1921

Mr. Erma T. McLoath F.T.S. wrote from Grand Rapids, Michigan that Mufti Sadiq delivered a most illuminating lecture on “What Islam really is?” (The Moslem Sunrise, April 1922, No. 2, p. 95)

January 1922

The Moslem Sunrise started publishing from a new address: Muslim Sunrise 27 La Belle Avenue, Highland Park, MI (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1922, Vol. 1, No. 3)

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) sent a message, “God has assigned as a duty of the Muslims that they should carry the message of Islam to all the corners of the earth.” (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1922, No. 3, pp. 133-4)

April 1922

Once Mufti Muhammad Sadiq asked permission from Hazrat Masih Mau‘ud (peace be on him) to appear for Bachelor of Arts examination so that he gets a degree. 

Missionary Mufti Muhammad Sadiq was awarded Doctorate of Oriental Sciences by Oriental University of Washington D.C. (The Moslem Sunrise, April 1922, No. 4, p. 100)

Second Quarter 1922

A large house was bought for a permanent central office, a mosque, mission house and office for Moslem Sunrise at 4448 Wabash Avenue, northwest corner of Wabash Avenue and 45th Street in Chicago, IL, and the Ahmadiyya headquarters shifted there. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1922, Issue 5, p. 112, Review of Religions, September 1922, p. 350, Review of Religions, October-November 1922, p. 367)

25 June 1922

The Syracuse Sunday Herald of 25 June 1922 allocated a whole page describing the activities of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA, with photographs of Mufti Muhammad Sadiq in a mosque. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1922, No. 5, p. 116)

Mufti Muhammad Sadiq delivered a series of lectures in Grand Rapids, Michigan and ten persons accepted Ahmadiyya Islam. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1922, No. 3)

Last Quarter 1922

Mufti Sadiq was invited to deliver talks on Islam in the states of North Dakota, Minnesota, and Michigan. (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1923, Vol. II, No. 1, p. 166)

7 January 1923

Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) gave detailed written instructions to the Ahmadi missionaries when Maulawi Ahmad Din (may Allah be pleased with him) left for USA to take charge from Mufti Muhammad Sadiq. (Al-Fazl, 25 January 1923, pp. 3-6)

First Quarter 1923

Mufti Sadiq toured New York City, visiting Pittsburgh and Buffalo. Many new converts to Islam and initiation into the Ahmadiyya Movement were the rewards of these visits. (The Moslem Sunrise, April & July 1923, Vol. II, No. 2 & 3, p. 190)

29 March 1923

Maulawi Muhammad Din was appointed second US Ahmadiyya missionary by Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II. He reached Boston harbor on 29 March 1923. (Al-Fazl, 25 January 1923, p. 3)

During his tenure, 650 Chicagoans were converted to Islam. (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1924, Vol. III, No. 1, p. 35)

August 1923

Twenty-ninth US President Warren G. Harding (4 March 1921 to 2 August 1923) died and John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (right) (2 August 1923-4 to March 1929) was appointed 30th President of the United States.

Missionary Muhammad Din wrote a condolence letter to the wife of the deceased President. He also sent a congratulatory letter to the newly appointed President. He assured the President full support from the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community USA. 

A reply was received on 13th August 1923 from the Secretary of White House. (The Moslem Sunrise, October 1923, Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 271)

18 September 1923
Mufti Muhammad Sadiq

Dr. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq, the first Ahmadiyya missionary to the US, was called back by Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) and was assigned duties at headquarters, Qadian, India. The return journey started on 18 September 1923. (The Moslem Sunrise, October 1923, Vol. II, No. IV, p. 268, Al-Fazl, 30 October 1923, front page)

During his tenure as missionary USA, Dr. Mufti established chapters at Detroit, New Orleans, Florida, South Carolina, Indiana, West Virginia and New York. (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1924, pp. 45-6)

4 December 1923
Reaches Qadian

Dr. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq reached Qadian, India from the US after a successful three-year tenure as missionary of the US. (Al-Fazl, 4 December 1923).

January 1924

A society “Ikhwan” (Brothers) was founded for the active promotion of Islamic brotherhood among the new converts. (The Moslem Sunrise, January 1924, Vol. III, No. 1, p. 33)

Maulawi Din Muhammad wrote a beautiful article on Islam in which he elaborated the object of a man’s life, Cardinal doctrine of Islam, Qur’an is our sacred book, Islam forbids impurity of every kind, The ethics of Islam. (The Moslem Sunrise, Vol. III, No. 1, January 1924, pp. 43-45, The Moslem Sunrise, Vol. IIIc, No. 2, April 1924, p. 78)

Much of Maulawi Muhammad Din’s time was devoted to touring the country to open new avenues of propagation of Islam and training of the new converts. (Edited from 50th Jalsa Salana Souvenir Ahmadiyya Community USA, June 1998, p. 57)

28 May 1924

A well-known American missionary Mr. Zwaimer came to Qadian on 28 May 1924 and met Khalifatul-Masih II. He was presented with Ahmadiyya literature. On reaching the USA, he wrote a circular in which he warned Christian world to prepare and combat Jama'at Ahmadiyya who was practicing a modernized Islam and had become very strong in Europe and America. (Al-Fazl, 6 January 1925, p. 5)

20 October 1925

Missionary Maulawi Muhammad Din was called back to Headquarters in Qadian, India, by Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him). He handed over the charge of the American Ahmadiyya Mission to Dr. Muhammad Yusuf Khan, an honorary missionary. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, Vol. 72, April-September 2020, p. 55)

30 December 1925

Missionary Maulawi Muhammad Din arrived in Qadian. Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II along with many Ahmadis received him. (The Al-Fazl, 1 January 1926, p. 1)

15 December 1927

Sheikh Muhammad Yousaf Khan, an honorary missionary of the US, reached Jhelum, Pakistan, after seven years of missionary work. He was given a rousing welcome by Ahmadis at the railway station. He addressed the people gathered and thanked them. (Al-Fazl, 7 January 1928, pp. 1-2)

18 August 1928

Sufi Mutiur Rahman Bengalee arrived in the US and assumed the charge as the third Ahmadiyya missionary. (The Moslem Sunrise, July 1930, Vol. III No. 3, p. 5)

4 March 1929

A Congratulatory Letter to Herbert Hoover (31st US President from 4 March 1929 to 4 March 1933) was sent. The missionary in-charge received a reply from the office of the president. (The Moslem Sunrise, April-July 1933, Vol. 6, No. 3-4, p. 36)

3 November 1929

Sufi Mutiur Rahman Bengalee moved Ahmadiyya Mission to 56 East Congress St. Suite 1307, Chicago. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette, USA, Vol. 72, Nos. 10-12 and Vol. 73, Nos. 1-9, October 2020-September 2021, p. 19)