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Second Khilafat (1950-1959)

1950's
First Quarter of 1950

US periodical, “The Moslem Sunrise,” changed name to “The Muslim Sunrise.” (The Muslim Sunrise, First Quarter, 1950, Vol. XXII, No. 1, p. 27)

May 1950

In May 1950, Ahmadiyya Headquarter USA was shifted from Chicago to Washington D.C. (Al-Fazl, 24 June 1950, p. 5) 

Ahmadiyya circles were realigned from May 1950. 

(1) New York Circle, In-charge missionary Ghulam Yasin Khan, Missions: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey and Maryland states. 

(2) Pittsburgh Circle, In-charge Missionary Abdul Qadir Zaighum, Missions: Pennsylvania, Ohio and Michigan States. 

(3) Missouri Circle, In-charge missionary Shukar Ilahi, Missions: Missouri, Illinois and Indiana States. 

(The Ahmadiyya Gazette, USA June 1950, Vol. 1, No. 4, p. 2)

June 1950

Dr. Khalil Nasir launched the Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, in 1950. He was the first editor. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette, USA, June 1950, p. 1—Edited by Khalil Ahmad Nasir and published by the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, 2141 LeRoy Place N.W., Washington D.C.)

2-3 September 1950

Third annual convention of Ahmadiyya Community USA was held in Cleveland, Ohio on 2-3 September 1950. This was the first time that Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya and Lajna Ima’illah auxiliaries held their separate meetings. Two hundred attended. (Al-Fazl, 10 September 1950, p. 1)

1950

Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) named the national headquarters at 2141 LeRoy Place, Washington D.C. as “American Fazl Mosque.” It served as the headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA from 1950 to 1994. (Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA, 50th Jalsa Salana Souvenir, June 1998, p. 57)

1950

A new chapter of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA was established in Milwaukee WI, near Chicago in the year 1950. (Al-Fazl, 10 September 1950)

1950

At the third Jalsa Salana in 1950, in Pittsburg, Lajna delegates held their first election meeting on September 2nd to elect a National President (Lajna History, USA). Amatul Hafiz Nasir was elected and then re-elected twice at the following conventions. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, Vol. 72, Nos. 10-12 and Vol. 73, Nos. 1-9, October 2020-September 2021, p. 184)

1950

A school named “Nur-ud-Din” was established in the US to teach religion to new converts in America to prepare them for the propagation of Islam in the US. Its aim was to impart Islamic teachings to American people (Al-Fazl, 21 June 1950, p. 2)

1950 to 1975
War Between North and South Vietnam

War between North and South Vietnam: Soviet Union and China and other communist allies supported North Vietnam whereas South Vietnam was supported by the US and South Korea. (Wikipedia)

1951

Ahmadiyya Mission USA published “The Philosophy of Teaching of Islam” by the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) and Mahdi. (Ahmadiyyat, the Renaissance of Islam by Chaudhri M. Zafrulla Khan, p. 82)

In the year 1951, Muhammad Zafrulla Khan was representing Pakistan in United States. Mr. Truman, President of US gave a message to American nation. The next day a meeting of Muhammad Zafrulla Khan with Mr. Truman was scheduled. He made some comments on his speech during the meeting. He said to the President that he remembered a few verses from the Holy Qur’an about two principles he mentioned in his message. He narrated those verses to him in English. President Truman took deep interest and wanted to see those verses in Qur’an himself. Zafrulla Khan sent him a copy of the Holy Qur’an with English translation. (Tarikh-i-Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 15, p. 439)

May 1951

In 1950, US Ahmadiyya missions were confined to East and Midwest States. In 1951, the propagation work expanded to California State. A new mission and a small Jama'at was formed in Los Angeles, CA. Similarly, in the South of the USA, a Chapter started working in Kentucky and another mission was coming up in the state of Louisiana. (Al-Fazl, 29 May 1951, p. 6)

1-2 September 1951

The Fourth US Annual Convention was held in Cleveland, Ohio on 1-2 September 1951. Two hundred attended from all over the US. The Ahmadiyya Mission USA published the following books of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him). (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 14, p. 43) 

  1. Communism and Democracy
  2. Why I believe in Islam?
  3. Ahmadiyya Islam, the true Islam

The mission also published the book of Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, “Moral Principles as the basis of Islamic Culture.” (Al-Fazl, 16 October 1951, p. 4)

1952

An Italian atheist Dr. Laurav Vagile wrote an essay on “An Interpretation of Islam.” The essay portrays true representation of Islamic values and beliefs. He gave respect to the Holy Prophet. The essay became very popular and was published many times. Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan wrote a preface to it. He gave due respect to the author. The American mission published five thousand copies of the essay. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, Vol. 73, Nos. 10-12, Vol. 74, Nos. 1-9, p. 86)3 January 1952

Weekly Panorama, an organ of the information department of the United States of America, published from Karachi, Pakistan, wrote on 3 January 1952 that about 12,000 Muslims lived in the United States, including 1,200 Pakistanis, 10, 000 from other eastern countries and 1,000 American converts to Islam by Ahmadis (Panorama, Vol. III, No. 20, 3 January 1952, p. 8, Al-Fazl, 12 January 1952, p. 2)

1952

In Dayton, a piece of land was donated by Brother Wali Kareem and his wife Latifa Kareem next to their home. They wanted the Ahmadiyya mosque to be built on the lot. A ground digging ceremony was held and many members of all Jama’ats were there. At first a basement was put in with one small kitchen, two bathrooms and an auditorium. There was no office or telephone. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, Vol. 72, Nos. 10-12 and Vol. 73, Nos. 1-9, October 2020-September 2021, p. 531)

1952

An American convert Abd-ush-Shakoor Reesh went to Rabwah, Pakistan for religious studies. He later dedicated his life to the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam. (Al-Fazl, 13 February 1953, p. 5)

31 August to 1 September 1952
Fifth Annual Convention

The Fifth Annual Convention of the Ahmadiyya Community USA was held in Dayton, Ohio from 31 August to 1 September 1952. Delegates from all the Ahmadiyya Missions in America participated. (The Review of Religions, August 1952)

1 November 1952
First Hydrogen Bomb

First Hydrogen Bomb was detonated by the US on Eniwetok, an atoll in the Marshall Islands. (Wikipedia)

20 January 1953
President Dwight Eisenhower

Dwight Eisenhower was inaugurated as 34th US President. He was the first US President to visit Islamic Republic of Pakistan. (Wikipedia)

3 March 1953

Large scale riots erupted in the Punjab, Pakistan, in March 1953 against Ahmadis by Ahrar. Ahmadis properties were burned and looted. Six Ahmadis were martyred. Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) issued a message for Ahmadis on 3 March 1953: “You continue praying, I also pray. In-Sha’-Allah we shall be victorious. Have you ever seen in the past forty years that God abandoned me? The whole world may leave me, He shall, In-Sha’-Allah, never leave me. Certainly, He is coming running to help me. He is with me. He is in me.” (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 15, pp. 17-18)

1953

An American writer and scholar Mr. Donald N. Wilber wrote about agitation in Punjab, Pakistan:

“But in 1953 agitation directed against them by other Moslems became so violent that it shook the very foundation of the new state.” (“Pakistan: Its people its society its culture,” HRAF Press, New Haven, p. 95)

17 March 1953
Punjab Riots in US Media

The Cleveland Plain Dealer wrote about riots in the Punjab, Pakistan: It is the Ahrar who have touched off the mob action which brought about the first Martial Law in Pakistan history.

30-31 May 1953

Sixth Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim convention USA was held in YMCA Hall and Chicago-Mosque on 30-31 May 1953. More than 250 attended. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 16, p. 205)

10 March 1954

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) survived an attempt on his life in Masjid Mubarak, Rabwah, Pakistan, at the time of the late afternoon prayer, but he was seriously wounded in his neck. (Al-Fazl, 12 March 1954, p. 1)

17 May 1954

On 17 May 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States gave a landmark decision and declared that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. The US President sent federal troops to Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., to enforce integration of black students on 24 September 1954. (Wikipedia)

18 May 1954

Maulawi Nur-ul-Haqq Anwar left Rabwah for the USA on 12 April 1954 and assumed the charge of missionary USA on 18 May 1954. He remained on this post till July 1957. (Al-Fazl, 23 May 1954, p. 1), (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, Vol. 73, Nos. 10-12, Vol. 74, Nos. 1-9, p. 25)

4-5 September 1954

The Seventh Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim convention USA was held in Pittsburgh, PA on 4-5 September 1954. More than 250 attended. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 16, p. 431)

December 1954

Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan delivered two talks about Islam at Haverford College. He was invited after his appointment in the International Court of Justice. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 16, pp. 432-3)

27 December 1954

Syed Jawad Ali Shah was appointed as US missionary from 27 December 1954 and took over as Secretary of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA in Washington D.C. 

His missionary efforts continued for six years. He returned to Pakistan in July 1960. (Al-Fazl, 20 April 1956, Al-Fazl, 30 July 1960)

He returned to the US in January 1963 and worked in Washington D.C., Chicago, and St. Louis. He finished his tenure of duty on 14 March 1971.(Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA, 50th Jalsa Salana Souvenir, June 1998, p. 57, Al-Fazl, 18 October 1994, p. 7)

1954

Dr. Khalil A. Nasir attended the World Conference on Religions (Shimizu City, Japan) and the World Council of Churches (Evanston, Illinois) in 1954. 

Islam was represented by Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan and Dr. Khalil A. Nasir at the World Religions Conference in Dallas, TX and was attended by world-known leaders such as the Prince of the Netherlands and His Excellency U Nu, the Prime Minister of Burma. (Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA, 50th Jalsa Salana Souvenir, June 1998, p. 65)

January 1955
Mission in Harlem

A mission started working in a rented house in Harlem, Manhattan (New York). The propagation work continued in spite of great difficulties. The mission continued to work at different rented houses. Then a house was procured in Brooklyn, New York. Missionary Chaudhri Ghulam Yasin had been working here for fifteen years. (Tabshir file USA)

23 March 1955

Abd-ush-Shakoor Kunze served Ahmadiyya Community USA as a missionary from 1955 to 1956. (Tabshir File USA)

The Chicago Tribune published his interview on 23 September 1955 in which activities of Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at were highlighted. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 17, p. 315)

9 May 1955

The American weekly magazine Life published a detailed feature on Ahmadiyya Islam on 9 May 1955. It wrote that in 1890, a reformer Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian interpreted Islam for the modern era, and that his coming was foretold both in the Bible and the Quran. He claimed to be both the Messiah and the Mahdi. His teachings were liberal and pacifistic. A newspaper from Peshawar, Pakistan, analyzed the article. It stated that Jama’at Ahmadiyya International took a big stride in preaching activities all over the world. Due to its efforts in the last half century, western countries are acquainted with Islamic teachings. (Loh-o-Qalam, Peshawar, October 28, (1955) and Daily Al-Fazl, November 11, (1955), p. 5, Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 17, pp. 283-289)

May 1955

Ahmadiyya Mission USA published 10,000 copies of the Quran and distributed it all over the country creating renewed interest in Islam. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 17, pp. 283-289)

3-4 September 1955

The Eighth Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim Convention USA was held in St. Louis, Missouri on 3-4 September 1955. Following missions were represented: New York, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, Dayton, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Baltimore, Boston and Youngstown. (Al-Fazl, 22-24 November 1955, Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 17, p. 314)

1955

First African-American Rashid Ahmad American was appointed honorary missionary soon after his religious studies at Jami‘a Ahmadiyya, Rabwah, Pakistan. He performed his missionary duties in Chicago, St. Louis and various other cities of the US from 1955 to 1972. He also served as national president for several years. (The Ahmadiyya Gazette USA, March-April 2015, pp. 18-21)

1955

Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) wrote a message for Ahmadis of the USA about the system of Al-Wasiyyat. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 17, pp. 104-112)

1955

Missionaries Chaudhri Khalil Ahmad Nasir and Nur-ul-Haq Anwar delivered lectures in New York American University. Five speeches were also given on radio during the year 1955. (Al-Fazl, 3 July 1955, p. 3)

31 January 1956

Prof. Stakman, Agriculture Advisor Rockefeller Foundation USA delivered a speech on “Agriculture and Science” on 31 January 1956 at Rabwah, Pakistan. He had an audience with the Promised Reformer. (Al-Fazl, 1 February 1956, pp. 1-8)

1 September 1956

The Ninth Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim Convention USA was held in Cleveland, Ohio on 1 September 1956. Two hundred delegates participated. The proceedings of the convention were published in many local newspapers. (Al-Fazl, 4 September 1956, p. 1 and Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, p. 382)

October-December 1956

A New York firm published a book “Biographies of Religious Leaders.” It came to the knowledge of Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) that offensive language was used against Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him). (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, p. 217)

Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) instructed to write a reply to the American Firm who wrote derogatory remarks about the Holy Prophet. The firm was informed accordingly. Timely reply forced the firm to send a written apology. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, p. 219)

December 1956

A new Ahmadiyya mission was opened in Detroit, MI. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, pp. 381-382)

13 January 1957

Dr. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq, pioneer of Ahmadiyya Mission in USA, passed away on 13 January 1957. (Al-Fazl, 15 January 1957, p. 1)

1957

Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan came to the USA for a few months. He inaugurated the new Ahmadiyya mission in New York by delivering an impressive Friday sermon. 

He also led the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. During his stay he delivered several lectures on Islam at different universities, colleges, clubs, and associations and answered questions from the packed audience. His message reached notable social and religious circles in the country. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, p. 744)

February-March 1957
Chaudhri Zafrulla Khan Gives Lectures

Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrulla Khan gave lectures at Columbia University and the northeastern state of Maine as follows:

Bernard College for Women on “Islam.”

Muslim Association on “Islamic Faith” on 26 February 1957.

Muslim Association on “The moral and spiritual values of Islam” on 2 March 1957.

Muslim Association on “The social and economic values of Islam” on 7 March 1957.

Bowdoin College on “Universe, design or accident” on 7 March 1957.

A speech to American Friends of the Middle East on 26 March 1957.

23 August 1957

According to the message of Khalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) to US Jama'at, the total number of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, USA reached seven thousand figure. He asked US Jama'at to increase the obligatory Chanda subscription. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 18, p. 477)

31 August to 2 September 1957

The Tenth Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim Convention USA was held in Dayton, Ohio on 31 August to 2 September 1957. Planning of the Jama'at and financial budget were discussed. The message of Wakil-ut-Tabshir was also read. (Al-Nur April-September 2020, p. 164)

31 January 1958
Explorer 1

US launched first American satellite, Explorer I. (Wikipedia)

14 March 1958

The wife of missionary Syed Jawad Ali died on 14 March 1958 in a Pittsburgh hospital and was buried there. Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IV led her funeral prayer in absentia as a martyr. (Shuhada-e-Ahmadiyyat, Aaghaz-ta-Khilafat-4, p. 131)

25 May 1958

The Sunday Times published an article by Elizbeth Hackley on “Fanning the flame of Islam.” Some extracts are as follows: 

The Ahmadiyya sect holds the interesting belief that Jesus, far from dying on the Cross, made his way to Kashmir and is buried at Srinagar; and that the Second Coming was fulfilled in the person of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, who died in 1908. Although most of its adherents are Punjabis, the sect has mosques in Britain, Holland, Germany, the United States and elsewhere. 

Its missionaries, sent over from Pakistan, are mostly men of impressive intellect and force of character, and the rule, that every adherent must give one-tenth of his income to further his faith, provides funds for further advance. (Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 20, pp. 103-4, Al-Fazl, 9 July 1958, p. 1)

29-31 August 1958

The Eleventh Annual Ahmadiyya Muslim Convention USA was held in Pittsburgh, PA. Following missions were represented: Boston, Cambridge, Trenton, Winston Town, New York, Montclair, Newark, Baltimore, Washington D.C., Louisville, Annesburg, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, Youngstown, Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, Dayton, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Canal Zone and Canada. The meetings of Lajna Ima’illah and Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya were held on 30 August. (Al-Fazl, 7 June, 11, 23 September, 11-12 November 1958, Tarikh Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 20, p. 287)

July 1959
Chaudhri Khalil Ahmad Nasir Leaves

Chaudhri Khalil Ahmad Nasir departed from the USA in July 1959. Missionary Ghulam Yasin Khan was entrusted with the duty of missionary In-charge in July 1959 that he carried out until 17 February 1962.

5-6 September 1959
Majlis Ansarullah Formed

Majlis Ansarullah was formed at the twelfth Annual Convention of US held in Chicago on 5-6 September 1959. First President was Ahmad Shaheed of Pittsburgh and Secretary Muhammad Sadiq of New York (Personal file of Syed Jawad Ali Shah 1959, p. 28)

1959

Brother Russel Shafiq (an early convert to Ahmadiyyat), who had been president of Dayton Jama'at, died in 1959. (Al-Fazl, 24 September 1959, p. 1)